1. For centuries, the peoples of highland areas of Papua New Guinea have fought over land, women and pigs. Sorcery and the calling of spirits was considered a good weapon, which reflect attack invaders - Clan members covered their bodies with clay figures and created a scary mask. It was part of a psychological attack against the invasion of their territory of other clans. The photo - a resident of the village in the valley Vanghi, near the town of Mount Hagen.
2. Group dances and singing is one of the rituals of the clans in Papua New Guinea, with which members of the community to express their unity and solidarity. The photo - a dance faithful snake clan Apenda executable, Lech, near Morobe.
3. In the period from September to November, 18-day festival Faung Burmese Dow Y, passing on Inle Lake Intha allows indigenous "sons of the lake," worship the five Buddha images created in the twelfth century. Four of them are transported around the lake to another monastery on the shore every day, with a huge golden Karaweik (barges). Accompanies the barge boat in which the dancers imitate the movements of their grass grow on the lake.
4. Mursi - a tribe that has no leaders or leaders - live in southern Ethiopia between the River Omo, Mago and its tributary. A distinctive feature of Mursi lip plate are special, which is worn by women. Anthropological studies show that these plates are an expression of social status. The plates are removed to eat and drink, but never in the presence of someone from the tribe Mursi men. Plates of this woman made of clay, are 14 inches in diameter - they are the size of a large plate.
5. Hajj to Mecca in Saudi Arabia - a journey that every adult Muslim must perform at least once in their lives. But for millions of people in Bangladesh the cost of this pilgrimage just not realistic, so that it is an alternative to FWIS Iytema. The photo - a pilgrimage to the river Turaga in Tonga, on the outskirts of the capital, Dhaka, January 24, 2010. About five million pilgrims gathered here - for the ceremony, which will last only 22 minutes.
6. Dancing with the horns - it's part of an ancient fertility festival, the date of which is determined by a very bizarre formula: it is always celebrated on the Monday after the first Sunday following the 4th of September. English folk dance, is believed to have been part of pagan ritual hunting more times tribe-Saxons. They were first performed at the fair Bertelmi near Burton-on-Trent in 1226. Dancers wear six pairs of huge antlers, which date back to 1065 year.
7. This festival of hunting deer tribe Aboaker in Winneba, Ghana, which is held in honor of the god of war Apa Secum. The close connection between hunting and the sphere of the sacred is the essence of traditional religious rituals and festivals around the world. The idea of food as a guarantee of security lies at the heart of this festival.
8. In the monastic town of Xiahe, in the autonomous region of Eastern Tibet, the life and local customs are still the same as they were 500 years ago. During the Great Festival Monlam, which marks the beginning of the Tibetan New Year, all the monks going to the Living Buddha, who embodies the spiritual messages of hundreds. Reading these messages takes several hours, during which monks must remain squatting motionless on the ground, no matter what the temperature. On the day when this photo was taken, was a blizzard and the temperature dropped to-27C.
9. In 2001 70 million pilgrims, estimated to have participated in the 42-day religious pilgrimage and a carnival Maha Kumbh Mela, Prayag in, in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It was the biggest celebration in a similar world history. During the festival, young boys, dressed in magnificent ceremonial costumes, temporarily transformed into women, moreover, in women living goddesses. Their feet are not allowed to touch the ground, and they suffer at the hands of special stretchers or their fathers or guardians. The next Maha Kumbh Mela festival held in 2013.
10. Festival of the Alpine horn is held annually in Nesselwang, Bavaria, which brings together all the musicians playing on this instrument. Alpine horn, whose history has lasted more than two thousand years, characterized by a peculiar sound of the bass-tenor register.
11. The largest ultra-Orthodox Hasidic Jewish community in Europe lives in the area of Stamford Hill in north London. Every year they celebrate Purim - a holiday, established in memory of the salvation of Jews in the Persian Empire. In the Old Testament heroine Esther is the Jewish people, and, according to the Talmud, the name Esther comes from the Hebrew word nistar, that is "hidden." So during this holiday, children often hide their faces behind masks.
12. In Oristano, Sardinia, paganism and Catholicism exist side by side. Each February, the elected Componidori - the best rider in the region for the festival La Sartiglia. One day he ceases to be a man and is androgynous incarnation of the god-rider. If during the day god-rider falls off his horse, the fate of the entire region is threatened in the next 12 months.
13. In Peru, La Virgen del Carmen is known as Mother Earth, and every year in July in Paucartambo, a remote town at an altitude of almost 3,000 meters on the lower slopes of the Andes, residents spend a huge fiesta, which is based was still in the 17th century. During three days of the festival, the image bringing in Virgen del Carmen on the streets, while a strange pagan animals (for example, a creature resembling a bird) are trying to attract the attention of celebrants.
14. Despite the religious origins of Mardi Gras, on Tuesday after oil a week, the last day before the Catholic Lent, in the public mind he is firmly associated with carnivals, festivals dance naked flesh, colorful costumes and headdresses. The photo was taken in Cayenne, the capital of French Guiana.
15. In the bay of Mont Saint-Michel in Normandy - one of the strongest currents in the world and one of the highest tides. In rare cases (usually around September), the tide recedes, hundreds of pilgrims go for a walk around the bay, as they have done already, at least 600 years to pay homage to Saint Michael, the "Guardian of Eden gate."
16. Straw Bear Festival takes place in Lincolnshire every January in Whittlesey. After midnight in the old days it was customary to wear one of the tillers of the detail of straw and call it a "straw bear." At the heart of this festival is an ancient ritual of fertility.